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Kyoto commitments 2008-2012

Denmark and EU’s climate and energy policy is rooted in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Convention sets an overall framework for intergovernmental efforts to tackle the challenges posed by climate change.

With the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in 2002, the EU and the member states committed to reduce their collected greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 8 % in the period 2008-2012 compared with 1990 levels.

In order for the EU to reach its mitigation target, a political burden sharing agreement between the EU countries was entered into in 1998. The burden sharing agreement takes the member states’ national conditions into account – the individual country’s GHG emission levels, mitigation possibilities and economic development level.

Since Denmark has one of the highest GHG emission levels per citizen in the EU, we have accepted one of the largest obligations. This means that Denmark has committed to reducing GHG emissions by 21 % for the period 2008-2012 compared with the 1990 base year.

Denmark’s fulfillment of the Kyoto commitments

The Danish efforts for GHG emission mitigation are laid out in its allocation plan from 2007, also known as the NAP (National Allocation Plan). The allocation plan is a strategy for which initiatives to implement, in order to fulfill the target of 21 % GHG emission mitigation for the period 2008-2012 compared with 1990 levels.

Since 1990, while all other sectors have seen a significant reduction in GHG emissions, the GHG emissions from transport have increased by more than 25 % (FAO 2012).

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